A entoação da ordem no Português do Brasil: uma descrição dialetal a partir do corpus ALiB

Carolina Gomes da Silva, Luma da Silva Miranda, Manuella Carnaval, Cláudia de Souza Cunha

Abstract


This paper presents a description of an analysis of the intonational contours of the directive speech acts (Searle, 1969), specifically the command contour, in the twenty five Brazilian capitals included in the corpus “Linguistic Atlas of Brazil” (ALiB). The command is defined by the speaker’s attempt to lead the listener to achieve one action. In this work, we intend to map the realization of the command pattern in the dialectal variety of Brazilian Portuguese. Hence, this paper aims at (i) describing the intonational contour of twenty five capitals from the corpus ALiB; (ii) comparing the intonation of speech acts in the five Brazilian regions and (iii) proposing a phonological representation of the variation of this contour. Hence, we took the imperative utterances produced as command from the phonetic-phonologic questionnaire included in ALiB corpus. Since this corpus is semi-spontaneous, the sentences produced by the speakers were not standardized; therefore there was a variation in the sentences in relation to (a) the number of syllables of the utterance; (b) the position of the stressed syllables; (c) the presence of the vocative in the beginning or the end of the utterance. The criteria used to select the recorded utterances in the corpus of each capital were: (1) the perception of the speech act of command through the intonational contour and not only by the lexical content of the utterance; therefore, it was excluded utterances such as “Get out of the rain because you will get wet”, named here as justification; (2) recordings without noise, voice superposition and speaker’s hesitation. Based on these criteria, our corpus has 50 sentences produced by male and female informants that are representative for the speakers from the twenty five Brazilian capitals. The intonational contours of these 10 imperative utterances were obtained in the software Praat. In relation to the established criteria of the acoustic analysis, we analyzed the configuration of the fundamental frequency contour in the prenucleus and the nucleus of the utterances. It is worth remembering that we considered in the utterance the first stressed syllable as prenucleus and the last stressed syllable as nucleus. To the phonological analysis, we represented the pitch accents and the boundary tones according to the Intonational Phonology assumptions (Pierrehumbert, 1980; Ladd, 1996 and others). Based on the analysis of our set of data, we observed that there is a predominance of a rising F0 movement in the prenucleus of the command contours with phonological notation L*+H or L+H* in the twenty five Brazilian capitals. There are two capitals that showed different patterns in the prenucleus: João Pessoa with a falling F0 movement represented as H+L* and Florianópolis with a flat F0 movement L*. In the nuclear position, the pitch accent can be defined for the majority of the capitals as H+L*L%, a falling F0 movement; besides, the variant H*L% was found for the capital Belém (PA). The capital that presented a different F0 movement in the nucleus was Florianópolis (SC) that showed the predominance of a rising-falling F0 movement represented as L+H*L%.

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