O banquete poético em Geritades, de Aristófanes

Karen Sacconi

Resumo


Resumo

Das 35 comédias fragmentadas de Aristófanes, Geritades (408 a.C) é umas das que mais guardam informações sobre enredo, personagens e tema. Seu fragmento mais extenso (156 K-A) revela-nos que seu enredo contém uma viagem ao Hades, empreendida por poetas representantes da comédia, tragédia e ditirambo. O critério de eleição dos embaixadores parece ter sido a aparência física consonante com o mundo dos mortos: magros e de aspecto doentio, os poetas foram apelidados de haidophoítai, “visita-Hades”, metáfora para descrever uma geração de poetas que, ao invés de notáveis pelo vanguardismo, são apontados por Aristófanes como homens da decadência. Geritades certamente promoveu uma discussão sobre poesia, particularmente sobre as espécies poéticasditas “dionisíacas”. Pode-se depreender ainda, a partir de alguns de seus fragmentos,que o enredo conta com um metafórico festim poético,imagem que alia a crítica literária à cena convival.

 

Abstract

Gerytades (408 BC) is one of the 35 fragmentary plays of Aristophanes that preserves the largest quantity of information about the plot, characters and theme. Its longest fragment (156 K-A) reveals that the plot contains a journey to Hades, undertaken by comic, tragic and dithyrambic poets. These poets have been chosen because of their physical appeareance in accordance with the world of the dead: skinny and sickly, they were called haidophoítai, “Hades-haunters”, a metaphor to describe a generation of poets that are pointed out as decadent, instead of noteworthy for their avant-garde art. Gerytades no doubt promoted a discusion about poetry, particularly about the so-called “dionysiac poetry”. More over, one can deduce from some of its fragments that the plot also contains a metaphorical poetic feast, an image that allies literary criticism to the convival scene.   


Palavras-chave


Geritades; Aristófanes; comédia; catábase

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Referências


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