Forma e retórica no hino a Zeus do Agamêmnon de Ésquilo

José Marcos Mariani de Macedo


In the parodos os Aeschylus' Agamemnon, the so-called Hymn to Zeus stands between the omen of the eagles and Iphigenia's sacrifice. The omen, as interpreted by Calchas, stresses the justice of the Atreidai's expedition but alludes to Iphigenia's sacrifice as a necessary condition to its fulfillment.Weighed down by anguish, the Elders cut shrt the narrative to sing a hymn in praise of Zeus, in the hope of dispelling the dilemma between divine justice and the sacrifice of an innocent. My intention in this paper is to show, by means of an analysis of the conventional aspects of the genre, that the Hymn to Zeus is an authentic hymn, that its purpose is eminently laudatory: to sing the praise pf a deity whose main distinction is to be the winner, and therefore the hymn displays many rhetoric elements of the victory ode.


Aeschylus. Agamemnon. Hymn to Zeus. Rhetoric. Hymn. Victory ode.

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